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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:25-opus-31542
URL: http://www.freidok.uni-freiburg.de/volltexte/3154/

Widaa, Elsadig Dafaelseed

Economic trade between Africa and the European Union (with special reference to Sudan)

Wirtschaftlicher Handel zwischen Afrika und der Europäisch Union mit besonderer Berücksichtigung auf den Sudan

Dokument1.pdf (1.344 KB) (md5sum: ec2d5709984bcc700e48e733a7b76465)

Kurzfassung in Deutsch

Wirtschaftlicher Handel zwischen Afrika und der Europäisch Union mit besonderer Berücksichtigung auf den Sudan.

Kurzfassung in Englisch

Africa’s trade relations encompass a network of bilateral, regional and multilateral linkages. Africa’s main trading partners, including the European Union (EU) and other developed countries, have taken the initiative through offers of preferential access in terms of duties, quotas, and free access to a large number of products from Africa. EU preferences have had a significant impact on the relatively small number of African states that are able to export preferred products, such as temperate agricultural products and fish. The Cotonou Agreement offers market access conditions for African exports to the EU. The utilisation rate of the Cotonou Agreement was around 90 percent in 2001, which was higher than that of the Generalised Scheme of Preferences system (GSP). The EU plays singular role with regards to developing countries exports, both because of its market and because of its numerous reciprocal and non-reciprocal preferential agreement. This show how effective EU’s preferential agreements are in granting developing countries improve market access. How far preferences indeed utilised by exporters, when entering the EU’s market? So the EU preferences to Sub-Saharan Africa were fairly well utilised. Best example is the value of EU tariff preferences and their significant proportion of their exports excluding Everything But Arms (EBA) .While Africa’s economic performance has developed positively over the last decades, the continent has not kept up with the growth of world trade and its share has consequently been declining. In 1980, African exports represented six percent of world trade. In 2002 this rate dropped to only two percent. A decline in commodity prices is a crucial factor responsible for this decrease. This is particularly noteworthy in the case of Africa because of the continent’s dependency on only a few markets and products.

SWD-Schlagwörter: Europäische Union , Außenhandel , Sudan
Freie Schlagwörter (deutsch): Handel zwischen Afrika und der EU
Freie Schlagwörter (englisch): EU
Institut: Institut für Allgemeine Wirtschaftsforschung
Fakultät: Wirtschafts- und Verhaltenswissenschaftliche Fakultät
DDC-Sachgruppe: Wirtschaft
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Erstgutachter: Hauser, Siegfried (Prof. Dr.)
Sprache: Englisch
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 13.07.2007
Erstellungsjahr: 2007
Publikationsdatum: 27.07.2007