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Jurt, Joseph
Weitere Beteiligte (Hrsg. etc.): Sabour, M´hammed

Autonomy and commitment in the french literary field : applying Pierre Bourdieu's approach

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Kurzfassung in Englisch

Pierre Bourdieu views societal development as a process of social differenciation within which (relatively) autonomous fields gradually develop. Symbolic fields, he says, develop by repressing the economic dimension of their symbolic acts. For the fields of literature it is only towards the end of the nineteenth century that all the elements which constitute an autonomous field can be found. However, this process of autonomization had already begun in the Renaissance. Still, the tension between the principle of autonomy ans the principle of heteronomy remains. Autonomy is defined differently for each geographical and historical context. While it is articulated predominantly as pure art in the center (Paris), the areas on the Francophone periphery manifest their independence by making reference to political, moral or religious positions in their literature. The crucial factor is that the positions of autonomy does not mean an retreat; only on the basis of this hard-won autonomy is it possible for the intellectual (Zola, for instance, on the occasion of the Dreyfus Affair) to intervene – and this in the name of those universal values the determine his actions.

SWD-Schlagwörter: Literatursoziologie , Literarisches Feld , Bourdieu, Pierre
CCS Klassifikation A.m
Institut: Romanisches Seminar
DDC-Sachgruppe: Französische und verwandte Literaturen
Dokumentart: Aufsatz
Quelle: International Journal of Contemporary Sociology, vol. 38, n° 1, 2001
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2001
Publikationsdatum: 25.07.2002