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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:25-opus-7682
URL: http://www.freidok.uni-freiburg.de/volltexte/768/

Buergin, Reiner

'Hill Tribes' and forests : minority policies and resource conflicts in Thailand

Dokument1.pdf (265 KB) (md5sum: 394d3419be4833631c14dc9ecebf4636)

Kurzfassung in Englisch

Compared with other Southeast Asian countries, Thailand appears to be one of the most homogenous states of the region. About 95 % of the more than 62 Mio. inhabitants are Buddhists, more than 90 % of them speak Thai, and more than 80 % are ethnic Tai. This is, to a considerable degree, the result of a process of nation-building linking 'national identity', since the establishment of the territorial state at the end of the 19th century, to Thai language, Buddhism, and Monarchy.
This process of nation-building had to overcome considerable resistance of various ethnic and cultural minority groups. Policies towards these minorities have been, and still are, policies of assimilation, quite frequently resorting to oppression. Until the 1980s, Thai policies towards the ethnic minority groups categorized as 'hill tribes', predominantly living in the uplands of northern and western Thailand, was dominated by concerns about opium cultivation and communist insurgency. By the 1980s, deforestation and control of resources in the uplands became important national issues and the main concerns of 'hill tribe' policies.
Since the beginning of the 1990s, strategies of territorial, social, and political exclusion towards these ethnic minority groups, increasingly referring to national sentiments and ideologies, are dominating conservation policies and resource conflicts in the uplands of Thailand. State agencies, like the Royal Forest Department and the Military, thereby try to secure and regain positions and power challenged in the controversies on settlement and use rights in national forest reserves during the 1980s and 90s.
This paper will sketch these changes of concerns and strategies of ethnic minority policies in Thailand, concentrating on the shifts during the 1980s and 90s in the context of the controversies on deforestation and resource conflicts in the uplands.

SWD-Schlagwörter: Thailand , Forstpolitik , Weltnaturerbe , Karen , Minderheitenpolitik
Freie Schlagwörter (deutsch): Bergstämme , Ethnizismus , Ressourcenkonflikte , Waldschutzgebiete
Freie Schlagwörter (englisch): Ethnic Minorities , Hill Tribe Policies , Forestry Politics , Community Forests , Ethnicism
Institut: Working Group Socio-Economics of Forest Use in The Tropics and Subtropics
DDC-Sachgruppe: Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin
Dokumentart: ResearchPaper
Schriftenreihe: SEFUT Working Paper
Band Nummer: 7
Quelle: http://www.sefut.uni-freiburg.de/pdf/WP_7e.pdf
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2000
Publikationsdatum: 29.07.2003