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Brenner, Verena ;
Buergin, Reiner ;
Kessler, Christl ;
Pye, Oliver ;
Schwarzmeier, Rainer ;
Thailand's community forest bill : u-turn or roundabout in forest policy?
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Kurzfassung in Englisch
Is community forestry just a new facet of state-controlled forest management or does it mark a turning point in forest policy? The example of Thailand can deliver valuable insights into the ambiguous nature of this concept. In this paper, six German Ph.D. students with different disciplinary backgrounds reflect their experiences with community forestry from field studies which were carried out in 1997. The research focus of each student covered different aspects of local resource management and forest policy in localities in Western, Northern, and Northeastern Thailand. The Community Forest Bill is the issue on which observations, discussions, and experiences meet.
The first chapter gives an overview of how perceptions of nature and forest have changed, and how world forest policies have been adapted to changing paradigms. The second chapter sketches Thailand's history of deforestation in relation to economic development. It also explores the issues of landrights, forest policies and the ideological framework of forest protection strategies. The paper then traces the evolution of the Community Forest Bill and gives an overview of the most controversial points in recent discussions. In chapter four the authors draw on their experience in different communities to develop suggestions for a successful community forestry approach. They raise questions of roles and functions of forests to communities, their uses and meanings as well as what kind of institutions should be responsible for the protection and management of Community Forests. The paper concludes that with the willingness and the initiative to critically review and adapt current land use regulations beyond the scope of a Community Forest Bill, community forestry may well be more than just a popular label. It may not only serve as a symbol of democratic resource management but also provide a 'U-turn' towards a more effective forest policy in Thailand.
||Thailand , Forstnutzung , Forstpolitik , Gemeindewald , Forstschutz
|Freie Schlagwörter (deutsch):
||Gemeindewaldgesetz , Entwaldung , Ressourcenkonflikte
|Freie Schlagwörter (englisch):
||Community Forest Bill , Community Forests , Forest Policy
||Working Group Socio-Economics of Forest Use in The Tropics and Subtropics
||Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Veterinärmedizin
||SEFUT Working Paper